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History of the Yakuza The name "Yakuza" is taken from the popular card game "oytyo-kabu". This is one of the versions of the game in the point, where, according to the rules, you need to get a certain number when collecting cards. The combination of cards is the worst deal: eights, nines and triples. In total, they give 20, which means zero points in this game. Numbers “eight”, “nine” and “three” in Japanese are pronounced as “I”, “ku”, “sa”, hence the name of the gang. The message is that even with the most unfortunate scenario, you need to find a way out of the situation and win. According to one of the versions, the largest criminal group in Japan was formed from three communities. In the XVII century there was a large reduction in the samurai staff, resulting in about five hundred thousand "invincible "the fighters were on the street. All they could do was fight or protect. Left without work and not finding any use for themselves in ordinary life, they began to gather in criminal gangs. Their main “activity” was the robbery and attacks on people and settlements. At that time, the police were poorly armed and trained, and their strength was only enough to pacify drunks and suppress minor conflicts. In the fight against professional samurai, they had no chance. As a result, mother-ekko began to fight the former samurai – urban hooligans and petty criminals. At first, their successes were assessed by the common people, but over time, mother-ekko began to engage themselves in criminal activities. As a result, they ceased to differ from their former enemies – the former samurai. Another one criminal community was tekiya. Initially, they were not as cruel and belligerent as expelled samurai and people from Mother-Eko. From ancient times in Japan there were people selling all kinds of mystical potions and drugs. At first they were called healers, and then they grouped together, set up their own business and began to be called tekiya (peddlers). They were engaged in trade not only with “magic tools”, but also with other goods. Tekiya often deceived customers, slipped their marriage, and to avoid trouble and escape the wrath of the people, they united into gangs. This not only protected against claims of poor-quality goods, but also from random burglars. A hierarchical system was developed in the ranks of tekiy, which modern yakuza now use. With time, wanting to increase their income, tekiya began to independently maintain order in local bazaars and fairs. They took money from ordinary merchants, and also caught and punished thieves. The third group, which is a part of modern yakuza, is bakuto. Remarkably, they were created by the government itself. They hired dexterous players and swindlers, ostensibly for the amusement of workers and small state employees. Dexterous swindlers beat up hard workers, and part of their salaries, thus, returned to the state’s treasury. However, dishonest players began to indulge in crime. At first, the government "turned a blind eye" because it needed their services. It was the deceivers of Bakuto who were the first to apply special tattoos on the body. They completely covered my back with drawings, which required time and willpower. To remove the phalanx of a finger for a fault, they also invented a bakuto. Leaders and hierarchy of the yakuza The very first leader of the yakuza was Bandzuiin Chobei. Previously, he was a samurai, but after his dismissal, he opened a game hangout, became rich and gained immense influence in the city of Edo. The city’s authorities commissioned him to hire people for construction and repair work. But instead of hired workers, he sent card debtors to construction sites, and took their wages to himself. In the 1980s, Dzirota was one of the famous gang leaders in Shimizu. His distinguishing feature was striking cruelty. Conquering new territories, he coolly cut out all competitors with their families. The yakuza hierarchy is built on the traditional Japanese way of life: “father is children”, “older children are younger children”. All the “children” are considered brothers among themselves, regardless of blood connection. The head of the yakuza is the title of “oyabun” (chef is translated) and is the most important boss to which all gang members must obey. After the head in the gangster hierarchy are: senior adviser, Head of Headquarters, Deputy and Personal Assistant to the Chief. They in turn command other members of the yakuza. Also in the yakuza system there are secret advisers, consultants, accountants and secretaries. In addition, the structure of the yakuza has senior and junior brigade leaders who have left the simple ranks of the gang. Yakuza willingly accept into their ranks and various outcasts of society. Offended by people, the country and the whole world, they acquire a special anger and devotion to those who sheltered them. Sometimes, lonely yakuza appear in Japan. These are criminals who did not want to join already formed clans. However, they very rarely achieve success, since the territories have long been divided, and it is almost impossible to win them from the clan. The mafia in action The Yakuza is engaged in a variety of criminal activities. They keep their brothels, incline minors to engage in prostitution, kidnap people and deliver girls to the countries of the East, America and Europe. They also harbor illegal emigration, robbery and racketeering. Each Yakuza clan is engaged in one particular case. Practically all small and medium-sized businessmen in Japan at least once faced with the mafia. The Yakuza control their territory and those who work on it. The largest Yakuza clan has long been very active in the life of the country. They are engaged in money laundering, investing in various business projects, collecting debts and even sometimes intervening in the work of large corporations. From all the mafias in the world, the Yakuza is the most numerous and organized group of 750 clans. During World War II The yakuza lost their importance and were almost destroyed. After the end of hostilities, the surviving members of the yakuza again began to revive their grouping. The main enemy of the yakuza is not the police or even the government, but the triad (the Chinese mafia). This is an ancient and already traditional enmity of two rival mafias. As for relations with the authorities, the government controls the legal sphere of the country, and the yakuza is illegal, and these two forces are trying not to enter into open confrontation. Traditions Yakuza supports ultra-right political views. They advocate the idea of traditional Japanese family values and want the policy of militarism to be returned. Also one of the main desires of the group members is the revival of samurai traditions. Conflicts between clans often flare up, there are even cases when members of one clan hire real killer-kamikazes. fellow men. The help and mutual assistance within the group is highly appreciated. Failure to comply with the rules is considered a disgrace, and this is followed by mandatory punishment. Women cannot join the clan as equal sisters. However, there are exceptions when the wife of the deceased Kumite became a new boss. This happened in the Yamaguchi-gumi criminal syndicate, where Fumiko, the wife of the late Kazuo Taok, led the clan after her husband died. Yakuza are treated as ordinary goods to ordinary women, and violence and harassment of the weaker sex are often used. Only wives of ringleaders enjoy respect, they are protected and they are helped. As for traditions, members of the yakuza have been using tattoos for more than one century as a distinctive sign of belonging to a particular clan. In tattoos, you can understand which particular group a person belongs to and It takes. For a long time, tattoos in Japan were associated only with the Mafia. The criminals covered almost all of their bodies with their heads, including their heads and even their genitals. The Yakuza have their own code of honor. Their special ritual is the atonement of guilt. For perfect offense, a person loses a phalanx of a finger. The severed part of the guilty traditionally hands the head of the clan Yakuza. Now, in order not to attract attention and conceal their affiliation to a criminal organization, the lack of a part of a finger is carefully concealed using a special prosthesis. In modern art, the Japanese often sanctify the theme of the mafia in anime, manga, books and films. Much has been written about the yakuza on the Internet, in particular, they can be read on Wikipedia (wikipedia). Today, the Japanese government is actively fighting crime, decrees have been issued that have caused significant harm to mafia activities. The ranks of the Yakuza have greatly thinned, but as long as there is an illegal business in the country, there will be a mafia.
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